Control of highly pathogenic avian influenza through vaccination


The stamping-out strategy has been used to control highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in many countries, driven by the belief that vaccination would not be successful against such viruses and fears that avian influenza virus in vaccinated birds would evolve more rapidly and pose a greater risk to humans.  In this review, we summarize the successes in controlling highly pathogenic avian influenza in China and make suggestions regarding the requirements for vaccine selection and effectiveness.  In addition, we present evidence that vaccination of poultry not only eliminates human infection with avian influenza virus, but also significantly reduces and abolishes some harmful characteristics of avian influenza virus.